glossary

ETHICS:  Moral principles that govern a person’s behaviour or the conducting of an activity (Oxford Dictionary). Ethics is concerned with moral principles, values and standards of conduct (World Health Organization)



BIOETHICS:  A field of ethical enquiry that examines ethical issues and dilemmas arising from health, health care, and research involving humans (World Health Organization).



HEALTH RESEARCH:  The development of knowledge with the aim of understanding health challenges and mounting an improved response to them (World Health Organization).



RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEE:  
Group of individuals who undertake the ethical review of research protocols involving humans, applying agreed ethical principles; also known as ethical review board [ERB], ethical review committee [ERC], human research ethics committee; [HREC], institutional review board [IRB] (World Health Organization).