:

Figure 1: Example of Triple Packaging System for the packaging and labelling of Category A, Infectious Substance (Reference WHO Guidance on regulations for the Transport of Infectious Substances 2011-2012)



II. Shipping Category B Infectious Substances

The triple packaging system continues to apply, including for local surface transport. However, testing documents are not required and it may be possible to source packaging locally rather than finding an authorized supplier, provided that the packaging manufacturer and the shipper can comply fully with the requirements of Packaging Instruction PI 650.


TABLE 3: Requirements for Packaging and Shipping Category B Substances

PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS MARKINGS AND LABELS DOCUMENTATION

Primary container is leakproof

Secondary container is leakproof

Outer container is rigid

Either Primary or Secondary container is Pressure tested at 95kPa

Drop tested from 1.2m

Markings –

  • Shipper’s name and address

  • Receiver’s name and address

  • Proper Shipping Name and UN Number

Labels –

  • None required (unless shipping with Dry Ice)

Airway Bill

CARICOM Invoice

Import/Export permit (as applicable)


Note: Dangerous Goods Declaration Form is not required, even when shipping with Dry Ice



Figure 2: Example of Triple Packaging System for the packaging and labelling of Category B, Infectious Substance

Other: Shipping Exempt Substances

Human or animal specimens (patient specimens) for which there is minimal likelihood that pathogens are present are not subject to these Regulation if the specimen is transported in a packaging which will prevent any leakage and which is marked with the words “Exempt human specimen” or “Exempt animal specimen”, as appropriate.

NOTE: An element of professional judgment is required to determine if a substance is exempt. That judgment should be based on the known medical history, symptoms and individual circumstances of the source, human or animal, and endemic local conditions.


TABLE 4: Requirements for Packaging and Shipping Exempt Substances
PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS MARKINGS AND LABELS DOCUMENTATION

Primary container is leakproof

Secondary container is leakproof

Outer container is of adequate strength for its capacity, mass and intended use, and with at least one surface having minimum dimensions of 100mm × 100m

Markings –

  • Shipper’s name and address

  • Receiver’s name and address

  • Package marked with “Exempt human specimen” or “Exempt animal specimen” as applicable

Labels –

  • None required (unless shipping with Dry Ice)

Airway Bill

CARICOM Invoice



Note: Dangerous Goods Declaration Form is not required, even when shipping with Dry Ice



Other: Limitations for shipments by Air


Weight and volume (excluding overpacks)

  • Category A Substances

    Maximum 50ml or 50g per package for passenger aircraft

    Maximum 4kg or 4l per package for cargo aircraft


  • Category B Substances

    Maximum 4kg or 4l per package for passenger or cargo aircraft

    Maximum 1l per primary container for passenger or cargo aircraft


Multiple samples

Multiple primary containers can be placed in the same package and must be individually wrapped or separated to prevent contact

  • Package dimensions

    PI620 packages: the smallest external dimension shall not be less than 10cm

    PI650 packages: at least one surface of the outer packaging must have a minimal dimension of 10cm x 10cm


  • Use of Dry Ice as a Refrigerant

    Dry ice shall be placed outside the secondary receptacle and must not be placed inside the primary or secondary receptacle because of the risk of explosions.

    A specially designed insulated packaging may be used to contain dry ice. The packaging must permit the release of carbon dioxide gas if dry ice is used.


Packing instruction P003 (ICAO/IATA PI954) shall be observed.

The secondary receptacle shall be secured within the outer package to maintain the original orientation of the inner packages after the refrigerant has dissipated.

If dry ice is used to ship infectious substances in Category A, the details shall appear on the shipper’s Declaration for Dangerous Goods.

In addition, the outermost packaging shall carry the hazard label for dry ice and the appropriate marking.

If dry ice is used to ship Category B Infectious Substances or Exempt Specimens, the package shall be marked “Carbon dioxide, solid” or “Dry ice”.

The airway bill must indicate the proper name (Dry Ice), class (Class 9), UN number (UN 1845) and weight (in kg).

Dry Ice Label

Dry Ice Marking

Figure 3 Dry Ice label and marking to be placed on the outer packaging


Caribbean Public Health Agency © 2014