CARPHA works in a range of areas to strengthen regional public health surveillance, preparedness and response to communicable diseases. These include outbreak-prone diseases, emerging and re-emerging diseases.
CARPHA is equipped to investigate and manage communicable diseases through its high skilled technical staff, a network of laboratories (Medical Microbiology, Environmental Health and Medicines Quality), a variety of specialized units such as an experimental mosquito colony, several epidemiological databases that are maintained within a local area network infrastructure and an active preventive maintenance unit.
Among the diseases routinely investigated are:
- Vaccine preventable diseases (EPI)
- HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted disease
- Vector borne diseases (Dengue fever, Malaria, Leptospirosis, Plague, Rabies and Yellow Fever)
- Food and water borne diseases (Gastroenteritis, diseases caused by Salmonella, Norovirus, Ciguatera, Campylobacter, Shigella and E. Coli)
- Air borne diseases (Influenza-like illnesses, fever and respiratory symptoms and tuberculosis)
- Other diseases and syndromes of interest (Leprosy, Viral Hepatitis A and B, Meningococcal infection, Viral Encephalitis/Meningitis, Fever and Neurological Symptoms
This grouping includes the re-emerging diseases like tuberculosis in association with HIV/AIDS, and new and emerging communicable diseases that are can become endemic in the region.